Tuesday, August 14, 2012


 Our National Flag, which was born on July 22, 1947, with Nehruji's words, "Now I present to you not only the Resolution but the Flag itself". This flag was first hoisted at the Council House on August 15, 1947. On august 15 1947, India adopted the horizontal tricolor of orange, white and green with blue Ashok Chakra. The tricolor was adopted since 1921 and the Ashok Chakra was added for historical depth and to separate the National flag from the Indian National Congress flag. The spoke Ashok Chakra or the Wheel of Law of 3rd century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashok. India's flag is a tricolor standard with bands of saffron, white and dark green. The saffron represents courage, sacrifice, patriotism, and renunciation. It is also the color of the Hindu people. The green stands for faith, fertility and the land, it is the color of Islam religion. The white is in the center, symbolizing the hope for unity and peace. In the center of the white band is a blue wheel with 24 spokes. This is the Ashoka Chakra (or "Wheel of Law"). The chakra represents the continuing progress of the nation and the importance of justice in life. It also appears on the Sarnath Lion, Capital of Ashoka. The largest flag in India (6.3 × 4.2 m) is flown by the government of Maharashtra atop the Mantralya building, the state administrative headquarters Lt Shri Pingali Venkayya, the man who designed the Tiranga.


Ajmer has been a home to many dynasties who came and left. They left behind the indelible marks of their cultures and traditions in the pages of the city’s history. The city is an amalgam of different cultures and a blend of Islam and Hinduism.

The three and a half centuries that followed the defeat of Prithvi Raj Chouhan saw Ajmer pass from one ruler to another. In 1556 AD it became an integral part of the Moughal empire and Akbar, the Great made it the military base for his conquest of Rajputana.

Ajmer was the pleasure resort of emperor Shahjahan as also the place where his sons Dara Shikoh and Aurangzeb battled for succession to the throne of Delhi. In the 19th century the city came under the British Rule. Today, Ajmer is an important center of pilgrimage being the seat of the Dargah Sharif, the Shrine of the 12th Century Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chishty ----- who is revered by Hindus and Muslim alike.

One of the Muslim shrines in India, it attracts, lakhs of pilgrims from across India and the world. They come here to pay homage to the revered Sufi Saint of Khwaja Moin-ud-Din Chihsti, the bestower of boons.

The final resting place of the Saint popularly known as Gharib Nawaz, was built to the early 13th Century and is approached through a gigantic gate with silver doors.
This Digamber Jain Temple also known as the Sidhkut Chaitalaya, was constructed in 1868 A.D. Just behind the temple is the Svarna Nagri Hall, housing gilt wooden representations of scenes from the Jain mythology. These were made in Jaipur and installed here in 1896 A.D. The Hall is richly painted and decorated, the roofs are covered with excellent glass mosaic work. It has illustrative representation of the birth and life of Rishabh Dev or Adinath. The first Tirthankara. The Hall also has illustration of Ayodhya and Allahabad (Prayag) cities, the triveni or sacred baniyan tree and many other interesting murals.

Taragrh or Star Fort was earlier known as Ajaymeru Durg. It overhangs the city like a star and is nearly 2-3 Kms in circumference. It has some important gates which make the access to the fort very difficult. When viewed from the valley down below, at night, the fortress on the crest of the hill looks like a star. Build on hill locally called Beetli, the fort is also called Garh Beetli in rural songs.

Khwaja Moinuddin Chisty (R.A.) was born in Seistan (East Persia) also known as Sejistan, around 537 Hijri in a respected family. His father Khwaja Ghayasuddin (R.A.) and mother Syeda Bibi Ummalwara alias Bibi Mahe-Noor were the descendants of Hazrat Ali (R.A.) through his sons Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain, Khwaja Saheb lost both his Father and Mother at an early age of sixteen years. He inherited an orchard and a wind mill which serve as his means of livelihood. One day when Khwaja Saheb was working in his orchard, a pious dervish and Majzoob, Ebrahi Qandoozi, came and took his seat under the shade of a tree. When Khwaja Saheb saw him, he brought a bunch of grapes and presented it to his guest. The visitor ate those grapes and was delighted, and took something out of his bag, chewed it, and then offered it to his young host. Khwaja Saheb ate it without any hesitation, and at once the light of wisdom and knowledge dawned upon the young Khwaja. Thereafter he disposed of all his worldly belongings, and distributed the money amongst the poor. Having thus broken all the ties with worldly affairs, he started for Samarqand and Bukhra, then the great centers of learning for acquiring religious education and knowledge.

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